||Season One (1963-64): Into The Vortex
First appearances of the Doctor, Susan, Ian, Barbara, the TARDIS, the
Daleks and the Thals.
||Season Two (1964-65): Flight Through
First appearances of Vicki, Steven and the Meddling Monk. The Monk is the
first member of the Doctor's own people to be introduced, apart from Susan
and the Doctor himself.
||Season Three (1965-66): Turbulence
First appearances of Katarina, Sara, Dodo, Polly and Ben.
||Season Four (1966): Wearing A Bit Thin
First appearance of the Cybermen. The Doctor regenerates for the first
|Season One (1963-64): Into The
William Hartnell played the Doctor from 100,000 BC in November 1963 to The Tenth Planet in October 1966. He
also reprised the role in The Three
Doctors in December 1972. Hartnell passed away in 1975.
Richard Hurndall replaced Hartnell as the
First Doctor for The Five Doctors
in November 1983; Hurndall himself died in 1984.
David Bradley became the third actor to play
the First Doctor, in Twice Upon A
Time in December 2017.
|Companions and Recurring Characters|
Susan (who often used the last name Foreman)
was the Doctor's first travelling companion; she was also his
Carole Ann Ford played Susan from 100,000 BC in November 1963 to The Dalek Invasion of Earth in December
1964. She returned for The Five
Doctors in November 1983 and for Dimensions In Time in November
Ian Chesterton was a high school science
teacher who was kidnapped from 1963 England by the Doctor along with his
colleague, Barbara Wright.
William Russell played Ian from 100,000 BC in November 1963 to The Chase in June 1965.
Barbara Wright was a high school history
teacher from 1963 England who, alongside Ian Chesterton, found herself
being abducted into time and space by the Doctor.
Jacqueline Hill played Barbara from 100,000 BC in November 1963 to The Chase in June 1965. Hill passed away
Doctor Who's first producer was Verity
Lambert, a novice in the position who was brought to the BBC by
series creator Sydney Newman. BBC veteran Mervyn
Pinfield was installed as associate producer to guide Lambert.
David Whitaker, another reliable BBC hand, was
Doctor Who's first script editor, and would go on to become one of
the biggest promoters of Doctor Who in the Sixties. Whitaker was
involved in scriptwriting for the series, authoring comics, compiling
books, and even crafting the very first novelisation (of The Daleks).
Schoolteachers Ian Chesterton and Barbara Wright decide to follow a
strange pupil, Susan Foreman, home one night. “Home” turns out
to be a time machine -- the TARDIS -- whose outer appearance of a battered
blue police box leads to a dizzyingly immense futuristic interior. The
TARDIS is owned by Susan's grandfather, the Doctor, and the two are really
alien wanderers in time and space. To prevent Ian and Barbara from
revealing what they've discovered, the Doctor makes his temperamental
machine leave 1963 England, only to land in the era of the caveman.
Captured by natives, the four must escape back to the TARDIS before they
are sacrificed by a tribe which is trying to regain the secret of making
fire. (Frequently referred to as An Unearthly Child.)
by Anthony Coburn and CE
Webber, directed by Waris Hussein
Ian and Barbara join the Doctor and Susan in their travels.
As the Doctor tries in vain to return Ian and Barbara to their own time,
the companions find themselves on the planet Skaro. Skaro is home to two
races, both mutated in a long-ago war. The Thals are now beautiful and
peace-loving, while the Daleks are evil monsters housed inside robotic
travelling machines. The Thals have come to the Dalek city to make amends
with their long-ago enemies, but the Daleks secretly plot to exterminate
the entire Thal race. (The serial's actual title is The Mutants,
generally unused to avoid confusion with the later story of the same name.
Also occasionally referred to as The Dead Planet.)
by Terry Nation, directed by
Christopher Barry and Richard Martin
|Inside The Spaceship
Something is very wrong with the TARDIS. The doors open to reveal a white
void, clock faces melt, and each of its occupants behave in an
increasingly erratic, paranoid, and even violent manner. Has some strange
force invaded the TARDIS, or is one of the time travellers actually
sabotaging the Ship? As the seconds slip away and hysteria mounts, the
truth may doom them all. (Frequently referred to as The Edge Of
Destruction. Also occasionally referred to as Beyond The
by David Whitaker,
directed by Richard Martin and Frank Cox
The TARDIS lands in 1289 China. There it is seized by famed explorer Marco
Polo, who intends to present it as a gift to Kublai Khan, in the hope that
it will win him his freedom. The Doctor, Susan, Ian and Barbara must
accompany Polo as he travels across the desert to the court in Peking, and
at the same time unearth the malevolent plotting of Tegana, an agent of a
rival warlord whose mission is to assassinate the Khan. (All seven
episodes are missing.)
by John Lucarotti, directed by
Waris Hussein and John Crockett
|The Keys Of Marinus
On the planet Marinus, the scientist Arbitan locks the Doctor, Susan, Ian
and Barbara out of the TARDIS in a desperate bid to convince them to
embark on a quest to find a lost set of keys. These keys power the
Conscience of Marinus, a mighty computer which is Marinus' last hope
against the onslaught of Yartek and his evil Voords. But many dangers lie
between the companions and each key: hypnotic monsters, killer plants, ice
zombies, and finally a charge of murder.
by Terry Nation,
directed by John Gorrie
In 1430 South America, Barbara is mistaken by the Aztecs as the
reincarnation of the High Priest Yetaxa. Now regarded as a living deity,
Barbara must decide whether or not to change history and end the Aztec
practise of human sacrifice. But the high priest Tlotoxl schemes to
disprove Barbara's divinity, threatening both Ian, who is to fight an
Aztec warrior, and Susan, who has been chosen to wed a sacrificial victim.
And how will the Doctor react to Barbara's decision?
by John Lucarotti, directed by
The TARDIS lands on an Earth spaceship orbiting the Sense-Sphere in the
thirtieth century. Having made contact with the Sense-Sphere's reclusive
inhabitants, the telepathic Sensorites, the Doctor must discover the
source of a poison which has debilitated both Ian and most of the
Sensorite race. At the same time, he has to escape the machinations of an
opportunistic Sensorite who sees the chaos as the chance to seize power
by Peter R Newman,
directed by Mervyn Pinfield and Frank Cox
|The Reign Of Terror
Susan and Barbara are captured during the dying days of France's infamous
Reign of Terror in the eighteenth century, and are sent to the Bastille to
await the guillotine. Meanwhile, Ian attempts to find British spy James
Stirling, bearing the vital message of a dying man. Elsewhere, the Doctor
poses as a member of the new ruling elite and gets caught up in the
intrigue of the French Revolution. (Episodes four and five are
by Dennis Spooner,
directed by Henric Hirsch and John Gorrie
Doctor Who was the result of a long-felt need for a family show to
bridge the gap in Saturday evenings between afternoon sports coverage and
teenage music programming. The brainchild of new BBC Head of Drama Sydney
Newman, few gave the science-fiction series a chance to succeed. But with
the enormous popularity of the Daleks in the wake of their central role in
Doctor Who's second adventure, ratings skyrocketed, securing the
programme's place on the schedule. In a space of mere weeks, Doctor
Who became a household name.
|Season Two (1964-65): Flight Through
|Companions and Recurring Characters|
Vicki was an orphan from the twenty-fifth
century who was rescued from the planet Dido by the Doctor.
Maureen O'Brien played Vicki from The Rescue in January 1965 to The Myth Makers in November 1965.
Steven Taylor was a space pilot from the
future whom the Doctor met on the planet Mechanus.
Peter Purves played Steven from The Chase in June 1965 to The Savages in June 1966.
With Verity Lambert now firmly installed as producer, Mervyn Pinfield
left Doctor Who midway through Season Two; he would be the
programme's only associate producer during its original run (although
Barry Letts would occupy a similar role, as executive producer, during
Season Eighteen). David Whitaker, too, departed early in the season, to be
succeeded by Dennis Spooner. Spooner worked
diligently to expand Doctor Who's horizons by introducing new
elements such as comedy into the series. Toward the season's end, Spooner
also left the show and Donald Tosh became
|Planet Of Giants
When the doors of the TARDIS accidentally open in mid-flight, the Doctor,
Susan, Ian and Barbara emerge to find themselves reduced to just inches in
height. Barbara is poisoned by a new form of insecticide, while the others
try to stop the murderous plans of an unscrupulous businessman to market
the insecticide despite its devastating effects on the environment.
by Louis Marks, directed
by Mervyn Pinfield and Douglas Camfield
|The Dalek Invasion Of Earth
The Doctor, Susan, Ian and Barbara find themselves on Earth in the
mid-22nd century... and the Daleks have invaded. Now the streets of London
are stalked by the Daleks' mind-controlled human puppets, the Robomen,
while more terrible monsters roam the countryside. Allying themselves with
a small band of freedom fighters, the companions try to reclaim the planet
for humankind, and discover the true purpose of the Daleks' mining
operations in Bedfordshire.
Nation, directed by Richard Martin
Susan stays behind with rebel David Campbell
On the planet Dido in the year 2493, the Doctor, Ian and Barbara discover
the indigenous civilisation has been eradicated. Furthermore, the entire
crew of a crashed Earth spaceship has been murdered, with the exception of
the crippled Bennett and the orphan Vicki, who are being terrorised by
the monstrous Koquillion. But who is Koquillion, and what are his
by David Whitaker, directed by
Alone in the world, Vicki joins the TARDIS crew.
Whilst vacationing in AD 64 Rome, Ian and Barbara are kidnapped and sold
as slaves. Ian ends up on a doomed galley ship, while Barbara becomes a
handmaiden in Nero's palace pursued by the lusty Caesar himself.
Meanwhile, unaware of their friends' plight, the Doctor and Vicki become
caught up in the events culminating in the Great Fire of Rome.
by Dennis Spooner, directed by
|The Web Planet
The TARDIS is drawn to Vortis, where Barbara is lured out onto the
planet's surface by an evil force called the Animus. The Animus has
ravaged the surface of Vortis and taken control of its lower animal life,
such as the giant ants called the Zarbi. The time travellers ally
themselves with the exiled, butterfly-like Menoptra and the pitiable
subterranean Optera, who seek to defeat the Animus and retake their
by Bill Strutton, directed
by Richard Martin
In 12th-century Palestine, Barbara is kidnapped by the evil Emir El Akir
while Ian is knighted for helping save the life of King Richard. The
Doctor and Vicki are entangled in Richard's attempts to force his sister
Joanna to marry Saphadin, brother of the Saracen leader Saladin, in order
to bring an end to the Crusade. Ian, meanwhile, sets out in search of
their lost companion. (Episodes two and four are missing.)
by David Whitaker, directed
by Douglas Camfield
|The Space Museum
When the TARDIS jumps a time track while landing on Xeros, the Doctor,
Ian, Barbara and Vicki are thrust, phantomlike, into their own near
future. They discover that they are destined to become exhibits in an
unscrupulous museum run by the warlike Moroks who rule the planet. Teaming
with the native Xerons, the companions try to overthrow the dictators and
avert their horrible destiny.
by Glyn Jones, directed
by Mervyn Pinfield
The Daleks manage to construct their own time machine and begin pursuing
the TARDIS across time and space with the singular intent of capturing
and killing the Doctor, Ian, Barbara and Vicki. The chase brings the time
travellers to a dying desert planet, the Empire State Building, the
Mary Celeste, a haunted house, and finally Mechanus, a planet
dominated by robotic Mechonoids from which they may never escape.
by Terry Nation, directed by
Barbara and Ian return to their own time in the Dalek time machine while
space pilot Steven Taylor joins the Doctor and Vicki.
|The Time Meddler
The TARDIS brings the Doctor, Vicki and Steven to 1066 England, just prior
to the Battle of Hastings. There they discover that the Meddling Monk, a
time-travelling member of the Doctor's own race, has been interfering with
history. The Monk is attempting to use advanced technology to change the
outcome of the Battle, wielding modern weaponry to defeat William the
Conqueror, and hence irrevocably alter Earth's future.
by Dennis Spooner,
directed by Douglas Camfield
Despite losing much of its original cast and production crew -- by the
season's end, only William Hartnell and Verity Lambert were left of the
original team -- Doctor Who weathered the changes well. The return
of the Daleks, in response to furious demands from fans across Britain,
simply served to fuel the fire ignited by the metallic monsters' original
appearance. Dalek merchandise was soon all but unavoidable. By the
season's end, the Daleks had joined the Doctor in their own comic strip,
and a feature film retelling The
Daleks was screening in theatres, starring Peter Cushing and Roy
Castle as Doctor Who and Ian, respectively.
|Season Three (1965-66):
|Companions and Recurring Characters|
Katarina was a Trojan handmaiden who met
the Doctor during the events surrounding the Greek siege of Troy.
Adrienne Hill played Katarina from The Myth Makers in November 1965 to The Daleks' Master Plan in December 1965.
Hill passed away in 1997.
Sara Kingdom was a Space Special Security
agent in the 41st century, who allied herself with the Doctor after
discovering that she had been manipulated by the treacherous Mavic
Jean Marsh played Sara in The Daleks' Master Plan from December
1965 to January 1966.
Dorothea (Dodo) Chaplet was a mid-Sixties
British schoolgirl who accidentally wandered into the TARDIS.
Jackie Lane played Dodo from The Massacre Of St Bartholomew's Eve in
February 1966 to The War Machines in
Polly was a young secretary in 1966 London
who first encountered the Doctor when she became a pawn of the evil
Anneke Wills played Polly from The War Machines in June 1966 to The Faceless Ones in May 1967.
Ben Jackson was a merchant seaman who
befriended the Doctor during the computer WOTAN's attack on 1966
Michael Craze played Ben from The War Machines in June 1966 to The Faceless Ones in May 1967. Craze
passed away in 1998.
Early in Season Three, Verity Lambert stepped down as producer and was
succeeded by John Wiles. With Donald Tosh, Wiles
attempted to remould Doctor Who into a more serious, less childish
science-fiction programme but succeeded only in butting heads with William
Hartnell. With BBC management on Hartnell's side, Wiles quickly tendered
his resignation and Tosh did likewise as a show of support. Their
replacements were Innes Lloyd as producer and
Gerry Davis as script editor, who instead sought
to emphasise the science aspect of Doctor Who's brand of
science-fiction. To this end, Lloyd and David brought Dr Kit Pedler on
board as the show's unofficial scientific advisor.
The TARDIS lands on a planet which will explode in mere hours. The Doctor,
Vicki and Steven discover that two alien species -- the beautiful Drahvins
and the hideous Rills -- have crashlanded on the planet after a battle in
space. The Doctor races against the clock to determine which of the aliens
are their foes and which their friends, before the destruction of the
planet annihilates them all. (Episodes one, two and four are
by William Emms, directed by
|Mission To The Unknown
Space Security Service agent Marc Cory arrives covertly on Kembel. Cory
and his team are on a mission to uncover the plans of the Daleks and their
intergalactic allies, who are secretly meeting on the planet. But Kembel
is a world of many dangers, and as his companions slowly transmute into
deadly Varga plants, Cory soon realises that for him, there is no escape.
(Frequently referred to as Dalek Cutaway or Dalek
Cut-Away. This episode is missing.)
by Terry Nation,
directed by Derek Martinus
|The Myth Makers
The TARDIS takes its occupants to ancient Greece, during the siege of
Troy. The Doctor is mistaken for the god Zeus, while Vicki is captured and
taken inside the walls of the besieged city. The Doctor must match wits
with the suspicious Odysseus, while Vicki tries to escape the fate that
history has decreed for the Trojans. (All four episodes are
by Donald Cotton,
directed by Michael Leeston-Smith
Vicki remains with Trojan warrior Troilus; handmaiden Katarina helps a
wounded Steven into the TARDIS.
|The Daleks' Master Plan
On Kembel, the Doctor finds a message left by Marc Cory, detailing the
Daleks' plan to use a time destructor to take over the universe. The
Doctor steals the taranium core needed to fuel the destructor, and is then
pursued across time and space by the Daleks. The Doctor's ally, Space
Security Service agent Bret Vyon, is killed by his own sister, Sara
Kingdom, at the orders of Mavic Chen, the traitorous Guardian of the Solar
System. It is up to the Doctor to convince Sara of the truth of her
misguided allegiance, and avoid an apocalyptic triple threat in the form
of Chen, the Daleks, and the time destructor. (Also frequently referred
to as The Daleks' Masterplan. Episodes one, three, four, six
through nine, eleven and twelve are missing.)
by Terry Nation
and Dennis Spooner, directed by Douglas Camfield
Katarina sacrifices herself to save the Doctor and Steven; Sara becomes a
TARDIS traveller but is slain by the time destructor.
|The Massacre Of St Bartholomew's Eve
The Doctor and Steven find themselves in 1572 France, just prior to the
mass slaughter of the Protestant Huguenots by Catherine de Medici. While
the Doctor goes to visit apothecary Charles Preslin, Steven becomes
embroiled in the lives of several prominent Huguenots, and must come to
terms with the Doctor's unwillingness to alter history to stop the
imminent massacre. (Also frequently referred to as The Massacre.
All four episodes are missing.)
John Lucarotti and Donald Tosh, directed by Paddy Russell
In 1966, schoolgirl Dodo Chaplet accidentally stumbles into the TARDIS.
The TARDIS takes the Doctor, Steven and Dodo to a space ark in the far
future, which is carrying humanity from the doomed Earth to their new
home, the planet Refusis. Dodo has a cold, however, for which the humans
and the subservient alien Monoids have no immunity. The Doctor must find a
cure for the common cold, and, centuries later, stop a revolution by the
Monoids brought about by the ramifications of the plague.
by Paul Erickson and Lesley
Scott, directed by Michael Imison
|The Celestial Toymaker
The TARDIS is taken to the surreal Celestial Toyroom by the nefarious
Toymaker, an old foe of the Doctor's. Steven and Dodo are forced to play a
series of games against increasingly deceitful opponents in order to
regain possession of the TARDIS, while the Doctor must solve the complex
Trilogic Game in a battle of wits against the Toymaker. If any of them
fail, they will be destined to remain in the Toyroom forever, transformed
into dolls under the Toymaker's control. (Episodes one through three of
this story are missing.)
by Brian Hayles,
Gerry Davis and Donald Tosh, directed by Bill Sellars
The Doctor has a toothache, so when the TARDIS materialises in 1881
Tombstone, Arizona, his first priority is to find a dentist. But the
dentist turns out to be the infamous Doc Holliday, on the run from the
Clanton brothers and their hired gunman, Johnny Ringo. The Doctor, Steven
and Dodo must ally themselves with Holliday and sheriff Wyatt Earp against
the Clantons, or else they, too, will be singing The Ballad of the Last
by Donald Cotton,
directed by Rex Tucker
The TARDIS lands on an apparently idyllic planet inhabited by the advanced
Elders and the barbaric Savages. Dodo and Steven discover that something
is wrong in this paradise: the Elders are fuelling their wondrous culture
by draining the life energy from the Savages. Worse still, the Elder
leader, Jano, is eager to gain the life energy of one person in
particular: the Doctor. (All four episodes are missing.)
by Ian Stuart Black,
directed by Christopher Barry
Steven leaves his companions to mediate between the Elders and the
|The War Machines
Arriving in 1966 London, the Doctor and Dodo are excited to see that
construction of the Post Office Tower has been completed. Visiting the
building, they are introduced to WOTAN, an incredible new computer
designed to link up with other computers worldwide. But little does anyone
suspect, WOTAN has become sentient and is using its abilities to take
hypnotic control of its creators. Its mission is not to serve mankind, but
rather to eradicate it, so that artificial life can become the new
dominant lifeform on Earth.
by Ian Stuart Black
and Pat Dunlop, directed by Michael Ferguson
Dodo leaves to convalesce; seaman Ben Jackson and his friend Polly board
the TARDIS while attempting to return the Doctor's spare key.
The third season of Doctor Who was a time of great change and
disruption. In addition to the problems experienced by John Wiles, it was
becoming increasingly clear that William Hartnell would not be able to
play the role of the Doctor for five years as originally anticipated.
Hartnell was suffering from arteriosclerosis, and one of the consequences
of this condition was that his memory was gradually failing, frequently
resulting in the actor being unable to remember his lines. Hartnell was
also becoming physically fatigued, and as a result a number of episodes
were tailored such that he could appear as rarely as possible.
Doctor Who itself was also undergoing something of an identity
crisis. With Dalekmania finally starting to fade, it was clear that the
show could not rely on the Daleks as its only draw. Wiles and Tosh's
attempt to make Doctor Who into serious drama was a failure, and so
Lloyd and Davis decided to refocus the series to appeal to a "hipper"
audience. As a result, many elements seen as old-guard -- particularly the
traditional companions like Steven and Dodo -- were eliminated, to be
replaced by the likes of Ben and Polly, two characters truly born out of
the Swinging Sixties. Similarly, it was decided to make modern-day Earth a
more regular feature of the prorgamme, showcasing alien activity in our
time rather than confining them exclusively to the far future or other
|Season Four (1966): Wearing A Bit
The Doctor, Polly and Ben find themselves on the Cornish coast in the 17th
century. The Doctor is the lone witness to the dying words of a former
pirate, who wishes to pass on the location of a buried treasure. Soon,
however, the time travellers are pursued by the vicious Captain Pike, who
is also in search of the treasure, and become embroiled in the covert
smuggling operations of the era. (All four episodes are missing.)
by Brian Hayles, directed
by Julia Smith
|The Tenth Planet
The TARDIS lands near an international tracking station in Antarctica. The
year is 1986, and the Doctor, Polly and Ben are just in time to witness
the arrival in the solar system of Mondas, a planet which is the mirror
image of Earth. Soon, Mondas' natives, the Cybermen -- humans who have
replaced much of their living tissue with cybernetic attachments --
invade the tracking station, as Mondas begins to drain the Earth of its
energy. The time travellers must stop the process before the Cybermen
begin to convert all humanity into creatures like themselves... but
something is very wrong with the Doctor. (Episode four is missing.)
by Kit Pedler and Gerry
Davis, directed by Derek Martinus
The increasingly frail Doctor stumbles into the TARDIS and
regenerates into his second incarnation.
With Hartnell's health getting worse and worse, Innes Lloyd finally made
the decision which would change the face of Doctor Who forever. He
introduced the concept of regeneration into the series -- that the Doctor
could change his physical form when his current body had worn out. The
result was a "new" Doctor, with a completely different appearance and
somewhat altered mannerisms, thereby allowing a new actor to take over the
role. With this mechanism in place, it was hoped that Doctor Who
could survive the departure of its star.